Quantitative Economics, Volume 13, Issue 3 (July 2022)
The importance of hiring frictions in business cycles
Hiring is a costly activity reflecting firms' investment in their workers. Microdata show that hiring costs involve production disruption. Thus, cyclical fluctuations in the value of output, induced by price frictions, have consequences for the optimal allocation of hiring activities. We outline a mechanism based on cyclical markup fluctuations, placing emphasis on hiring frictions interacting with price frictions. This mechanism generates strong propagation and amplification of all key macroeconomic variables in response to technology shocks and mutes the traditional transmission of monetary policy shocks. A local projection analysis of aggregate U.S. data shows that the empirical results, including the cyclicality of markups, are consistent with the model's impulse response functions.
Business cycles propagation and amplification markup cyclicality hiring as investment intertemporal allocation confluence of hiring and price frictions E22 E24 E32 E52
Full Text: Print View Print (Supplement) View (Supplement) Supplementary code PDF (Print)